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Universal Traders LLC

Universal Trading LLC was incorporated in the year 2008, with a vision of catering exports of Farm Product Commodities from United States. The primary focus of the company was Almonds and other kind of nuts to begin with, where the company has expertise now. The company now intends to extend their core focus on Cotton while expanding their current exposure in nuts and allied products. The company has a forte and advantage of its channel partners in Indian Peninsula & entire Asian sub-continent including People’s Republic of China.

Baker, Peterson & Franklin, CPA, LLP

A full-service accounting and consulting firm in Fresno with a 45+ person staff. BPF is a progressive firm that has grown into one of the largest locally-owned accounting firms in the Central Valley. We believe our continued growth and success is a direct result of providing clients with effective, efficient, and responsive service. Our size allows us to provide a variety of services and specialties, including agriculture, food & beverage processing, auto dealerships, closely-held and family businesses, tax and estate planning, business consulting and auditing.
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INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR THE CONTROL OF ANNUAL MORNINGGLORY IN COTTON

R. J. Thullen and P. E. Keeley

OBJECTIVES: To identify effective systems for the control of annual morningglory in cotton.

PROCEDURES: Several treatments were applied to field plots at the USDA Cotton Research Station in 1989 and 1990 for the control of annual morningglory in cotton. Herbicides were first applied to planting beds at cotton planting in early April and incorporated with a mulcher operated 5 em or 10 em deep in the soil. Rates for these early treatments were 2. 0, 2. 0, and 1. 6 lbs/A, respectively, for cyanazine, methazole, and prometryn. Post emergence and layby treatments were applied as directed sprays to weeds in the drill row at the base of the cotton plants. Post-emergence treatments began soon after the middle of May, whereas the layby treatments were not applied until the end of June. Rates were 1.0 lb/A for cyanazine, 0.5 to 1.5 lbs/A for methazole, and 0.7 to 1.6 lbs/A for prometryn. Although all plots were conventionally cultivated, some were cultivated with special equipment (rods/torsion weeders/spring weeders) to remove small morningglory in the drill row of cotton. When rods were used, plots were cultivated in opposite directions. This cultivation and handweeding were both performed near the end of May. See Table 1 for more information about treatments.

RESULTS: The most successful herbicidal treatment for the control of annual morningglory in cotton was postemergence applications of 1.0 lb/A cyanazine + 2.0 lbs/A MSMA in early June (Table 1). Applications of cyanazine + MSMA to cotton at layby in late June was also helpful in reducing yield losses of cotton. The only other herbicide that provided significant postemergence activity was prometryn. Prometryn incorporated 10 em deep provided the most consistent control of the soil-incorporated herbicides. But control with this treatment was incomplete based on both visual control ratings and harvested cotton (Table 1). Although the cultivator equipped with rods removed many small morningglory plants in the drill row of cotton, too many survived. Based on the results of the handweeding treatment in late May of 1989 and 1990, the weed-free period for morningglory will probably have to extend at least until the middle of June.

FUTURE PLANS: A manuscript of this two year study is being prepared. A second study will begin on the area of this morningglory nursery in the spring of 1991.

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